Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) means an acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force, resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment, or both, that may adversely affect a child's educational performance and result in the need for special education and related services. The term applies to open or closed head injuries resulting in impairments in one or more areas, such as: cognition, speech/language, memory, attention, reasoning, abstract thinking, judgment, problem-solving, sensory, perceptual and motor abilities, psychosocial behavior, physical functions, and information processing. The term does not apply to brain injuries that are congenital or degenerative, or brain injuries induced by birth trauma. (M.R. 3525.1348)
Initially, there must be evidence that this injury has caused a functional disability or psychosocial impairment that adversely affects the student's educational performance. This evidence is determined through the educational assessment process.
Regional specialists are available to assist district teams by:
- TBI Resource Kits available by contacting TBI support staff.
- Consultation by PHD teachers regarding implications of TBI and educational strategies/accommodations.
- Promoting transition planning from one setting to another as well as transition to life after high school.
- Attendance at IEP and related team planning meeting.